Evaluation of critical incident stress debriefing as perceived by volunteer firefighters in Nova Scotia
LE3 .A278 1994
Fraser, J.A.H (Sandy)
Master of Education
This study investigate the effectiveness of the critical incident stress debriefing process, in particular the "Mitchell Model", as perceived by the volunteer firefighters. The study was conducted by using a qualitative research approach of in-depth interviews with ten firefighters who had participated in the Critical Incident Stress Debriefing (CISD) process between July 1993 and December 1993. The recorded interviews were transcribed and coded and from this process, eight dominant themes evolved. These themes are: the positive impact of the CISD process on the department; the positive impact of the CISD process on the individual; the value of venting, of being able to express emotions, and the importance of getting the whole perspective; and gaining an understanding that as firefighters, they had done their best, they were not alone in their feeling and that they shared a stronger ease of bonding or brotherhood as a result of the CISD process. The overall positive impact and effectiveness of the CISD process on volunteer firefighters was reflected throughout the data supporting the very limited documented research in this area.
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