Is carbon-added tax better than a carbon tax for China?
LE3 .A278 2012
Bachelor of Arts
The Kyoto protocol committed industrial nations to cut their carbon emissions by at least 5 percent below the levels in 1990 in a span of 5 years. Carbon taxation provides one mechanism for achieving such a goal. In Canada, two provinces, British Columbia and Quebec, have introduced direct carbon taxation as a policy directed at reducing carbon emissions. The Mintz-Olewiler carbon tax model would convert the $1.04 per gallon federal tax on gasoline to a national carbon tax, equivalent to roughly $42 per tonne of CO2. This carbon tax would then be extended to include heating oil, natural gas, coal, etc., ensuring a level playing field across alternative fuels. There is a proposal to introduce a carbon tax in China. The tax would be of the type levied in British Columbia albeit at a significantly lower rate. The purpose of this thesis is to explore the merits of, instead, imposing a national carbon-added-tax, similar in design to a value-added-tax.
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