Indian informality and the manipulation of justice: the eviction and exclusion of the urban poor
LE3 .A278 2010
Bachelor of Arts
Within India‘ s urban centres, the forced eviction of individuals from their homes in slum communities is resulting in the widespread violation of multiple recognized standards of human and fundamental rights for the victims. Due to a shift towards neoliberal economics, the Indian state has focused upon economic growth and urban ‗ redevelopment‘ at the expense of the urban poor. Despite India‘ s recent economic prosperity, the distribution inequality within the country contributes to a total disregard for the rights of slum inhabitants. Additionally, despite neoliberal ideology advocating for a separation between market and state, tracing the evolution of Indian slum and eviction legislation makes it clear that the Indian justice system has been manipulated to suit the interests of the state‘ s corporate partners. The recent criminalization of slum inhabitants by illegal encroaching upon government land compared to the concessions given to private investors through Special Economic Zones ( SEZs), highlights the manipulation of justice due to the informality and deregulation of the Indian state. This manipulation is sustaining the victims of forced evictions in conditions of poverty and insecurity. Furthermore, the barriers to justice for the victims of forced evictions are an additional condition to the manipulation of justice based on the state goals of economic accumulation, corporate partnership and urban redevelopment.
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