Extraversion and its influence on exercise responses to music: Linking individuals to exercise
LE3 .A278 2010
Bachelor of Kinesiology
Today many people today are listening to music when they exercise to enhance their experience. Because individuals and musical pieces are extraordinarily complex, Chapter 1 of this thesis focuses on these complexities. Eysenck’s theory of extraversion and personality and the Brunel Music Rating Inventory ( BMRI) are discussed in the personality and music sections of this chapter respectively. This chapter also includes literature surrounding dissociation, a mechanism by which music is able to lower the ratings of perceived exertion ( RPE) of listeners when they exercise. The review of literature provides a compelling argument that individuals who vary on the extraversion trait will respond differently to music of varying intensities. Chapter 2 then examines whether or not the functionality of music is influenced by music volume differently for introverts and extraverts. The main findings of this study include: significantly lower RPE for introverts only in the lowest volume conditions ( 0% volume p = 0.04; 56% volume p = 0.004), significantly lower reported affect in the absence of music ( p = 0.04), and a positive correlation between extraversion and total distance accumulated during the experimental phase of the study ( r = 0.16, p = 0.04). Taken together, these findings suggest that extraversion and music volume do interact to influence the functionality of music.
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