The effects of the terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001 on the 49th parallel
LE3 .A278 2009
Bachelor of Arts
Canada and the United States have consistently shared what has been dubbed the ‘longest undefended border in the world’. The terrorist attacks on September 11, 2001, brought with them many questions about the border. The United States began to enforce new security realities and Canada was forced to adjust to them. This was especially true in securing an open border with the United States. Non‐state actors also emphasized an open border between the United States and Canada. Steps needed to be undertaken in order to sustain this vital trading relationship for both countries.This thesis examines the response by both Canada and the United States to the terrorist attacks in the months and years following September 11, 2001. In order to place these responses into context previous agreements between the two states are examined. The central focus however, is on the agreements reached after the terrorist attacks. Through examining numerous writings on these treaties and negotiations as well as several government sources on regulations at the border this thesis hopes to show that the border between Canada and the United States unites the two countries in discussion. Through this discussion after September 11, the border between Canada and the United States was able to remain one of the most open in the world.
The author grants permission to the University Librarian at Acadia University to reproduce, loan or distribute copies of my thesis in microform, paper or electronic formats on a non-profit basis. The author retains the copyright of the thesis.