The influence of kinaesthetic factors on visual word form memory: Comparing the effects of handwriting and typing
LE3 .A278 2008
Newman, Randy Lynn
Bachelor of Arts
The current study examined differences in memory for information learned by means of handwriting and computer typing modalities. Participants copied two lists of nonword stimuli via each modality. Participants’ memory for the nonword stimuli was tested using a recognition memory test immediately after learning as well as one week later. The tests contained the target nonwords from the learning phase and orthographically-matched distractor nonwords. Reaction time and accuracy scores were recorded. Results indicated a typing advantage at immediate testing and a handwriting advantage trend at delayed testing. Accordingly, typing distractors interfered more with recognition responses at immediate testing while handwriting distractors interfered more at delayed testing. In general, time had a more degrading effect on typing targets than on handwriting targets. These results support previous research (Longcamp, Boucard, Gilhoudes, & Velay, 2006) showing that handwriting, a learning modality associated with more complex movements and attentional demands, creates a better mental representation of new information and is thus more efficient at facilitating retrieval of this information after a time delay.
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