The effects of gender identity bias on perceptions of gendered leadership styles
LE3 .A278 2022
Bachelor of Science
The current study examines the effect of gender identity (i.e., cis gender and transgender males/females) on the perceptions of gendered leadership styles (i.e., masculine versus feminine) as well as the likelihood of advancement, performance, reward recommendations, and leadership potential. Participants included 179 students who were randomly assigned to one of eight vignettes portraying a hypothetical upper-level manager’s yearly performance review. Each condition differed in gender identity (cisgender/transgender), sex (male/female) and leadership style (masculine/feminine). The hypotheses state, females (cisgender and transgender) will be seen as more feminine (communal) in their leadership style whereas men (cisgender and transgender) will be seen as more masculine (agentic) in their leadership style. It was also hypothesized that cisgender and transgender females receive backlash when displaying feminine leadership styles whereas men will be viewed as favorable when displaying masculine or feminine leadership styles. Multiple One-way ANOVAs were conducted in addition to Pearson’s correlations. The results were mixed with hypotheses one and two supported, and hypothesis three and four not supported.
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