Why does precarious work matter?: the implications of precarious work on job and life satisfaction in Canada
LE3 .A278 2021
Master of Arts
The goal of this study is to understand how precarious work relates to job and life satisfaction. Additionally, this research aims to describe who is most likely to experience aspects of precarious work based on their socio-demographic characteristics and what attributes of precarious work can be found in five main industries. To answer these questions, I used the 2016 Canadian General Social Survey (cycle 30). I analyzed the dataset in SPSS and STATA. I analyse descriptive data using crosstabulations and comparing means. For the multivariate analysis I use both logistic regression analysis and ordinary least squares regression analysis. The findings from the research show that as the number of indicators for precarious work increases for men and women, those who work in precarious jobs are significantly more likely to report lower job satisfaction than those who do not work in precarious jobs. Finally, for each additional precarious work indicator, men report a decrease in their life satisfaction, but the relationship between precarious work and life satisfaction is not significant for women. Furthermore, women, younger people, those who identify as a visible minority, those who are Indigenous, those who are recent immigrants, and those with lower levels of education are significantly more likely to experience aspects of precarious work. Also, aspects of precarious work are most likely to be found in the accommodation and food services and retail trade industries. Overall, this research explores precarious work in Canada and how it relates to job and life satisfaction.
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