The YVM i.e. [YOM] YHVH in the book of Joel: its development and reversal
LE3 .A278 2001
Master of Arts
Acadia Divinity College
The following thesis examines the development of the Yom Adonai theme in the book of Joel. A survey of origin theories shows that F. C. Fensham's theory provides the best background for understanding the Yom Adonai. A brief exertion of the Yom Adonai texts found in the prophetic corpus identifies how this theme is used within the prophetic literature of the Old Testament outside the book of Joel. A historical grammatical and literary critical analysis of the book of Joel identifies it as a literary work built upon the call to communal lament form and dating to the mid-fifth century B.C. The book of Joel develops the Yom Adonai theme within the framework of a communal lament liturgy. The exegesis shows that the book of Joel develops the Yom Adonai in a manner consistent with Fensham's theory. The themes of theophany, covenant, sovereignty, and judgment, as seen in the prophetic corpus, are directly associated with the Yom Adonai in the book of Joel. The Yom Adonai is a day in which Yahweh appears to enforce his covenant and sovereignty, punishing those who are in violation. The book of Joel further develops the Yom Adonai as the means by which Yahweh institutes the promises of the Zion Tradition and the New Covenant.
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