Climate change adaptation and mitigation in Nova Scotia: from planning to action
LE3 .A278 2018
Bachelor of Arts
Environmental and Susta inability Studies
Environmental & Sustainability Studies
This thesis provides an analysis of the Municipal Climate Change Action Plan (MCCAP) process in Nova Scotia. In 2011, the Nova Scotia government became the first, and remains the only, Canadian province or territory to mandate municipal climate change adaptation planning. As a result, Nova Scotia is home to dozens of MCCAPs –far more than much larger jurisdictions and over two million dollars has been devoted to their development and implementation since 2011 (Vogel, 2015). The research methods of this thesis include a collation and analysis of the MCCAPs in Nova Scotia and follow up interviews with municipal and provincial planners across the province. The argument of this thesis is two-fold. First, based on the findings of the interviews, this thesis argues that, although not flawless, the MCCAP process was a net positive exercise for Nova Scotia municipalities as it has improved most municipalities’ knowledge and awareness of local climate hazards and accelerated many municipalities actions in adapting to and mitigating the impacts of climate change. Second, this thesis reasons that, based on the overall effectiveness of the MCCAP process in Nova Scotia, municipalities occupy an important political niche in addressing climate change and enhancing the social and ecological resiliency of communities across Canada. This thesis expands the`understanding of the impacts of the MCCAP process in the four years since they were completed and explores the important role Canadian municipalities occupy in addressing one of the most challenging political issue in the country, climate change.
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