Attachment, support processes, and efficacy dynamics within cardiac rehabilitation
LE3 .A278 2018
Bachelor of Arts
Support processes, efficacy beliefs, and attachment dynamics were analyzed within 61 patient and partner dyads recruited from a ten-week cardiac rehabilitation (CR) program. The current study explored how the level of confidence that patients have in themselves to achieve their goals for exercise within CR (i.e., self-efficacy) may be predicted by how much their partner believes they can achieve their goals (i.e., other-efficacy). The partners’ other-efficacy was predicted to be positively associated with the patients’ self-efficacy for exercise. Support styles of the partner (overprotective, autonomy support) were predicted to mediate the association between other-efficacy and self-efficacy. In addition, the association between support styles and self-efficacy was further predicted to be moderated by the attachment anxiety of the patient. Although overall mediation was not found, significant associations were found throughout the model to support hypotheses. A negative association was found between other-efficacy and overprotective support, indicating that partners with high other-efficacy beliefs provided lower levels of overprotective support. Additionally, a negative association was found between overprotective support and self-efficacy. Patients who perceived their partners as providing an overprotective support style had less confidence in their own abilities to achieve their goals when exercising. A significant interaction was also found between overprotective support and attachment anxiety with the patient’s self-efficacy
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