Personnel mobility in the emerging labour market in the People's Republic of China
LE3 .A278 1997
Master of Arts
This research examined three main factors affecting the occupational mobility of college/university educated people (personnel) within the context of contemporary China's emerging labour market: the ownership of the work unit, graduate cohorts, and family backgrounds. Data collected from a sample of university graduates, aged 22 to 56 in five Chinese cities (N = 360) were used. It was found that: (1) the emergent labour market is segmented by the differences of ownership of the work unit--the state sector is relatively closed and the non-state sector is quite open; (2) ownership of the work unit is the most important structural factor that affects the channels of job change; (3) patterns of personnel mobility show remarkable cohort characteristics, which reflect both the processes of socialization during their formative years as well as the effect of different employment policies and opportunities; (4) family backgrounds have a great effect on occupational preferences and employment; meanwhile, the effect is conditioned by both the structure of the labour market and politics. These findings suggest that the interplay between the socialist political system and the market economy has significant implications on personnel mobility and the social stratification in China both contemporary and for the future.
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