The material evidence of Scotland's hybrid kingdom
LE3 .A278 2017
Bachelor of Arts
History & Classics
This thesis will examine the direct impact on castles and additional secular sites following royal implementation of Anglo-Norman, feudal policies in twelfth century Scotland. In their interest to expand and consolidate their power base, the Canmore kings adopted feudal structures to solidify their power base. An examination of royal secular sites shows the changing political landscape of the Scotland at this time. Changes were implemented in the territories under direct control by the kings of Alba as well as the elite lords of Scotland. Reactions from the earls within the core of the kingdom as well as the newly acquired territories of the periphery have been used to represent the cultural change of twelfth century Scotland. The importation of Anglo-Norman governing structures led to the formalization of lordship and kingship within Scotland. This thesis uses the material evidence of castles and secular sites to address the merging of cultures occurring at this time. Rather than a complete adoption of Anglo-Norman policies and culture, the Alba became the unique, hybrid kingdom of Scotland.
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