Moderating effects of positive affect, negative affect, and incivility on students’ engagement and exhaustion
LE3 .A278 2016
Bachelor of Science
The present study examined the relationships between incivility and students’ levels of positive and negative affect, exhaustion, and engagement, offering new results to the academic domain. The Center for Organizational Research and Development at Acadia University conducted a survey of Acadia University students (N= 252) as a requirement for a special topics course. Initial correlations between all variables were significant, p< .001. A moderation technique was used to examine the predictive power of incivility on relationships among the study variables. A significant three-way interaction was found: at low levels of positive affect, the slope of the relationship of incivility with exhaustion was steepest at high levels of negative affect, and flat at low levels of negative affect. At high levels of positive affect, the slopes of the relationship of incivility with exhaustion did not differ across levels of negative affect. A significant two-way interaction of positive affect on incivility with engagement was also found. Results suggest incivility is present within the university setting, and there are implications of affectivity for the emotional impact of strained social relationships
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