Cognitive flexibility of single language users and multiple language users in a priming task
LE3 .A278 2013
Bachelor of Arts
Recently, it has been suggested that a fast, flexible control process that gets implemented at the time of the probe display may be a means by which to explain the pattern of qualitatively different priming effects observed in priming tasks (Milliken, Thompson, Bleile, MacLellan, & Giammarco, 2012). The present study examined individuals who are believed to be more cognitively flexible (multiple language users) to see if they produce patterns of qualitative differences under conditions in which other individuals do not. It was hypothesized that multiple language users would show qualitatively different priming effects that depend on the nature of the probe stimuli in the priming task whereas single language users would fail to show this pattern. The results were not consistent with the hypothesis as the three-way interaction between language group, selection, and repetition was not significant. However, the two way interaction between selection and repetition was significant with both significant positive and significant negative priming emerging in the same task. These results were observed under conditions in which Milliken et al. (2012) failed to find this pattern. These results are consistent with the notion that a fast, flexible control process can be implemented at the time of the probe display (Crump et al., 2006; Milliken et al., 2012).
The author grants permission to the University Librarian at Acadia University to reproduce, loan or distribute copies of my thesis in microform, paper or electronic formats on a non-profit basis. The author retains the copyright of the thesis.